232.We urge the Government to strengthen the role of the Joint Ministerial Committee during the negotiations, to ensure that the interests not only of Northern Ireland, but also of all devolved nations and regions are well understood and respected. We welcome the creation of the new Joint Ministerial Committee for EU negotiations, although the effectiveness of this new mechanism remains to be seen. In 2004, negotiations were held between the two governments, the DUP, and Sinn Féin, for an agreement to restore the institutions. The talks failed, but a document published by governments detailing the changes to the Belfast agreement was known as the “comprehensive agreement.” However, on 26 September 2005, it was announced that the Provisional Republican Army of Ireland had completely closed its arsenal of weapons and had “taken it out of service”. Nevertheless, many trade unionists, especially the DUP, remained skeptical. Among the loyalist paramilitaries, only the Loyalist Volunteer Force (LVF) had decommissioned all weapons.  Further negotiations took place in October 2006 and resulted in the St Andrews Agreement. These institutional provisions, established in these three areas of action, are defined in the agreement as “interdependent and interdependent”. In particular, it is found that the functioning of the Northern Ireland Assembly and the North-South Council of Ministers is “so closely linked that the success of individual countries depends on that of the other” and that participation in the North-South Council of Ministers “is one of the essential tasks assigned to the relevant bodies in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland]. Some commentators have called the agreement “Sunningdale for Slow Learners,” suggesting that it was nothing more than what was proposed in the 1973 Sunningdale Agreement.  This assertion has been criticized by political scientists such as Richard Wilford and Stefan Wolff.
The former said that “it`s… [Sunningdale and Belfast] have considerable differences, both in terms of the content and circumstances of their negotiation, implementation and implementation.”  The participants in the agreement were composed of two sovereign states (the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland), with armed forces and police forces involved in the riots. Two political parties, Sinn Féin and the Progressive Unionist Party (PUP), were linked to paramilitary organisations: the IRA (Commissional Irish Republican Army) and the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF). The Ulster Democratic Party (UDP), associated with the Ulster Defence Association (UDA), had withdrawn from the talks three months earlier. The “backstop” of Theresa May`s withdrawal deal should tackle it – and stipulates that if no future EU-UK trade deal could be reached, the rules and rules would remain as they are. This was rejected by Brexit supporters as a “trap” to keep the UK in the EU customs union, which would prevent Britain from concluding its own independent trade deals.