Saint Petersburg Agreement

This treaty replaces, from its entry into force, the following documents: the contract of trade, navigation and delimitation signed on the 21st day of the first year of Ansei, which coincides with 26 January 1855; the Treaty of Friendship and Commerce, signed on the 11th day of the seventh moon of Ansei`s fifth year, coinciding with August 7, 1858; the agreement signed by Keio on the 28th day of the third year, which coincides with December 11, 1867, and all additional arrangements related to the aforementioned attachment; as of that date, those treaties, conventions and conventions are cancelled. Therefore, the jurisdiction exercised by the Russian courts in Japan and the special advantage, privileges and exceptions that the Russians had previously enjoyed in that jurisdiction, will be abolished and totally abolished without any particular notice. The rights of this court are transferred to and exercised by the Japanese justice system as soon as it comes into force. The authentic text of the treaty is written in French. Differences with Japanese translation contributed to the controversy over what constitutes the Kuril Islands, which Japan renounced in 1951 by the Treaty of San Francisco. The Treaty of St. Petersburg (1875) is part of a long-running dispute between Russia and Japan over the jurisdiction of the Kuril Islands. Lit.: Петербургский мирный договор 1762 г. // Дипломатический словарь.

М., 1948; Письма императора Петра Феодоровича к прусскому королю Фридриху Второму // Русский архив. 1898. No. 1; Соловьёв С. М. Царствование императора Петра III Феодоровича // История России с древнейших времён. СПб., 1851-1879. Кн. 5.

Т. 25. Гл. 1. С. 631—681; То же [Электронный ресурс]. URL: www.runivers.ru/bookreader/book54670/#page/631/mode/1up. The Russo-Japanese Treaty of 1875 provoked different reactions in both countries. There were many Japanese who denounced believing that the Japanese government was trading the important from a Sakhalin political and economic point of view for a “little stone back”, as they thought of Kuril. Others said that Japan had simply exchanged “one part of its territory for another.” The same assessments resonated on the Russian side: many thought that the two territories belonged to Russia under the law of the explorer.

The Treaty of Petersburg of 1875 was not the last act of territorial delimitation between Russia and Japan and did not prevent the two countries from further conflicts. . In accordance with the Treaty (Article 1), Russia has agreed to return most of the occupied territory to China. The Chinese government has agreed (Article 2) to keep the inhabitants of the region free of their actions during the rebellion, regardless of their ethnicity and religion. The inhabitants of the area would remain (Article 3) or could settle in the Russian Empire; They would be questioned about their choice before the withdrawal of Russian troops.